Surely you have ever dialed the IP address of your router in your computer’s browser so that you can restart, format, or change some settings. It is popular wisdom that to access the router we have to type 192.168.1.250 in the browser (or some variant in 1.1) and we enter with user and password to the settings, to restart. But why? Why does the router have that IP address and what do these associated numbers mean?
The first thing we need to understand before we know why your router’s addresses are 192.168.x.x is what an IP address is, what it’s for, what types there are, or how many there are. It is worth clarifying what they are and how they work, where there are IP addresses, and what the numbers correspond to.
What Is an IP Address?
The IP address is a code or set of numbers that serve as identification or as a license plate. It serves as identification on the network or in the global Internet set. That is, it can be an IP address that works to identify them in general on the Internet or within an internal network if you want to differentiate the different devices or identify them.
In this case, for example, in the “internal” IP address it would allow us to know which computer each IP has to know who has done what, although we will explain that in-depth in the next paragraphs so that you can better understand it.
As we say, it is a kind of registration that identifies us both in an internal network and external network and means Internet Protocol. What IP addresses allow us is to manage communications on networks and each address is unique and not repeated. No device has the same IP address as another device simultaneously, these codes are not repeated at the same time.
How Are They Formed?
The IP addresses, both that of the router and any other associated with a device, consists of 32-bit codes that are simplified and that is why we use four numeric sets. Four numeric sets that we normally identify separated by dots. That is, there would be something like “xxx.yyy.zz.aa” or the classic 192.168.x.x of the router that we explained in previous paragraphs. Each of the decimal number sets of the IP address has values that range from 0 to 255 and these values, as we have explained, are separated by dots from each other.
We know what it is and how they are formed (with 32-bit codes divided into four numeric sets…) but there is not only one type, there are several. Although we won’t go into details about dynamic or static IPs, we do want to know that there are public IP addresses and private IP addresses.
Public ones are the ones that identify us on the Internet, those that are assigned to us when we are going to browse and that our Internet provider gives us. On the other hand, there are the private Ip addresses that identify us within the same network.
These are the ones that interest us to know why the router is 192.168.x.x. These private IP addresses are intended to identify each device within the same network.
In your home, for example, an IP address will be held by your mobile phone, another address will be held by your computer, another address will be held by a video surveillance camera at home and another your tablet, for example. It is assigned so that each device is recognizable on the same network.
Router IP: 192.168.1.250
We already know what IPs are and what types there are. Among the private IP addresses, we find that our router always has the address 192.168.x.x or almost always, at least.
Why? Many manufacturers use this IP automatically to get you into the router’s admin panel or settings (you can try using 192.168.1.250 in the browser bar and you’ll access the router) It’s usually 192.168.1.1 to access the router although it can also vary and other options like 192.168.l.250 are used. Both allow us to access the router to check it out.
We have to go back to 1996 to remember when the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) was forced to determine the range of IPv4 addresses for internal use, i.e., IP address assignment internally, within a closed network.
These IP addresses are not available on the public Internet but within local networks. Well, the first thing you should know is that you can connect up to 253 devices to a router within your home network according to 192.168.0.x
IP addresses, in terms of their assignment, are limited by a number: 4,294,967,296 IP addresses.
And in case each device on the Internet used its IP address we would end up with the IPs available fast, for many years now. Yes, the number of devices on the Internet far exceeds this figure. In this way, three IP address blocks were reserved for local networks:
• 10.0.0.0 – 10.255.255.255 (Class A) – 16,777,216 addresses.
• 172.16.00 – 172.31.255.255 (Class B) – 1,048,576 addresses.
• 192.168.0.0 – 192.168.255.255 (Class C) – 65,536 addresses.
Considering these possible cases, a home router is even more limited, with a range of 192.168.0.x, where the last figure is the only variable between 0 and 255. Here, one of the addresses is assigned to the network and another to the broadcast, then 253 possible assignments remain.
How to Login into 192.168.l.250
Step 1. First you need to open the web browser. (Make sure all wires and connections are intact)
Step 2. Then enter the IP address (192.168.1.250) in the search bar and hit enter.
Step 3. Enter the username and password set by someone or you earlier. If the router is new then it must be using default login credentials that are admin,admin.
Step 4. After login, router dashboard page will load. Edit and Save the Settings.
Related Article: 192.168.0.3 Router Admin Login
Having Trouble in Login, Read This
Q. Trying to find IP address?
192.168.1.250, while it may not be yours, is a common private IP address. If your IP address is not 192.168.1.250, you can search online for your router model, this will show your router’s default IP address. You may also see the IP address in the router’s manual which comes along with the router.
You can use your machine to find your IP address if these methods don’t work read below to find it manually.
Q. How to find your Router’s IP Address?
Your router may not be assigned that IP address, but we can easily know what it is if it has changed. You can find out from CMD or the command console on your computer but also from macOS.
For Windows users
• Open your computer
• Go to the start menu
• Search for CMD or command console
• The Command Prompt opens
• Type ipconfig
• Tap enter or enter on your keyboard
Here will appear a series of information, including “Default Gateway” along with the code of four numeric blocks. That will be the gateway or IP address associated with your router and that you must follow.
For macOS users
• Go to System Preferences
• Open the Section Network
• Find the connection you’re using
• Tap on “Advanced…”
Here you will see a section called “Router” along with the set of four numeric blocks where you will see the IP address. The logical thing to do is that address is 192.168.1.250 but it may vary slightly and may also end in 1.1, as we have explained.
To login into router admin panel is not a big deal but a single error in IP address can lead you to trouble and end up with no result. Therefore make sure that you type the correct IP address that is 192.168.1.250 and use the default username and password if no one has changed that earlier.
If you still got stuck somewhere do let us know below in the comments with your query our team would love to help you.